Marriage of EBB’s parents, Edward Moulton-Barrett and Mary Graham-Clarke, at Gosforth Church, Northumberland, by the Rev. John Fenwick.
EBB born at Coxhoe Hall, Co. Durham, which had been leased by her father.
EBB privately baptized by the Rev. William Lewis Rham, Rector of Fersfield, Norfolk, a family friend.
Edward Moulton-Barrett attained his majority.
Edward Moulton-Barrett (“Bro”) born at Coxhoe Hall.
EBB and Bro publicly baptized at Kelloe Church, Co. Durham.
ca. late autumn
EBB’s father removes his family south to London.
Henrietta Moulton-Barrett born at 10 Upper Berkeley Street, London.
EBB’s father took accommodations for his family at North End, Hammersmith.
EBB with her family at Mickleham, Surrey, home of her grandmother, Elizabeth Moulton.
Hope End Estate, nr. Ledbury, Herefordshire acquired by EBB’s father. Mortgage held by James Scarlett—released ca. February 1814.
Arabella Graham-Clarke (grandmother) and Arabella Graham-Clarke (aunt) visit Hope End.
ca. 15 Jul
EBB’s first extant letter, to Elizabeth Moulton. The Barretts go to the sea a week later.
Improvements at Hope End in progress: new mansion under construction from designs by Loudon; existing Georgian mansion converted into stables.
Mary Moulton-Barrett born at Hope End.
Elizabeth Moulton and Mary Trepsack visit Hope End.
Henrietta and Mary publicly baptized at Colwall, nr. Hope End.
Marriage of RB’s parents, RB, Sr. and Sarah Anna Wiedeman, in Camberwell, near London.
The Barretts in Cheltenham with Elizabeth Moulton and Mary Trepsack.
EBB’s family at 351 High Street, Cheltenham.
Samuel Moulton-Barrett born at Cheltenham.
Frances Graham-Clarke marries Thomas Butler, afterwards 8th Baronet, of Cloughgrenan.
The Barretts return to Hope End.
RB born at Southampton St., Camberwell.
RB baptized by the Rev. George Clayton, Parish of St. Giles, Camberwell.
Arabella Moulton-Barrett born at Hope End.
Samuel and Arabella baptized at Colwall.
Construction projects completed at Hope End.
Sarianna Browning, sister of RB, born at Camberwell.
EBB writes poetical work, “On the Cruelty of Forcement to Man.”
Mary Moulton-Barrett, sister of EBB, dies. Buried in Ledbury Parish Church.
Sarianna baptized by the Rev. George Clayton, Parish of St. Giles, Camberwell.
EBB at Carlton Hall, Yorkshire, seat of her Uncle Sam; excursion to Matlock, Derbyshire.
EBB at Fenham Hall, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, home of her maternal grandparents.
Charles John Moulton-Barrett born at Hope End.
Battle of Waterloo.
The Barretts go to 62 Baker St., London, Elizabeth Moulton’s residence.
EBB and parents leave London for Paris (Hotel de Rivoli) via Rochester, Dover, Calais and Boulogne.
The Barretts return to London.
The Barretts return to Hope End.
George Goodin Moulton-Barrett born at Hope End.
Charles John and George Goodin baptized by Rev. Hoskins, Colwall.
Decoration and other improvements at Hope End completed.
EBB and family at Albion Place, Ramsgate. Daniel McSwiney and Madame Gordin engaged to tutor Barrett children. EBB commences work on The Battle of Marathon.
The Barretts, except for Arabella and her nurse Minny, return to Hope End.
Graham-Clarke family members visit Hope End.
Henry Moulton-Barrett born at Hope End.
John Graham-Clarke, EBB’s maternal grandfather, dies at Newcastle-upon-Tyne.
EBB visits Cheltenham.
EBB writes her “First Greek Ode.”
Princess Victoria born.
EBB and family visit Worthing, where Arabella and Minny had removed from Ramsgate in May.
Charles Moulton, EBB’s paternal grandfather, dies in Jamaica aged 61.
Graham-Clarke family members visit Hope End.
George III dies. George IV ascends the throne.
EBB and family visit Elizabeth Moulton, 62 Baker Street, London. Arabella Graham-Clarke (grandmother) and Arabella Graham-Clarke (aunt) also in London. When the Barretts return to Hope End, Bro remains with his grandmother, prior to entering Charterhouse in the ninth form.
Probably as a present for her 14th birthday, 50 copies of EBB’s first book, The Battle of Marathon, privately printed.
Samuel Moulton-Barrett, EBB’s uncle, elected to Parliament, representing Richmond, Yorkshire.
Alfred Price Moulton-Barrett born at Hope End.
Arabella and Minny return to Hope End, after 3½ years’ absence.
James Graham-Clarke, EBB’s uncle, visits Hope End.
EBB, Henrietta and Arabella ill. EBB’s sisters recover but she grows progressively worse.
EBB first appears publicly as a poet when her “Stanzas, Excited by Some Reflections on the Present State of Greece,” are published in The New Monthly Magazine, Second Series, I, 523.
EBB and Henrietta contract measles.
EBB sent to Spa Hotel, Gloucester, for medical treatment. At least one member of her family is with her throughout her stay.
“Thoughts Awakened by Contemplating a Piece of the Palm Which Grows on the Summit of the Acropolis at Athens,” published in The New Monthly Magazine, Second Series, II, 59.
Jane Graham-Clarke, EBB’s aunt, marries Robert Hedley.
Samuel Moulton-Barrett, EBB’s brother, enters Charterhouse in the twelfth form.
Septimus James Moulton-Barrett born at Hope End.
EBB returns to Hope End.
Charlotte Graham-Clarke marries the Rev. Richard Pierce Butler.
Henry, Alfred and Septimus baptized at Colwall.
At Gloucester, Samuel Moulton-Barrett, EBB’s uncle, marries Mary Clementina, daughter of the late Rev. Henry Cay-Adams, of Painswick.
EBB and family settle in Boulogne for an extended stay.
The Barretts return to England.
Octavius Butler Moulton-Barrett born at Hope End.
Samuel Barrett dies at Gloucester, leaving the Moulton-Barretts vulnerable to a claim by Richard Barrett (Sam’s brother and principal heir) involving ownership of slaves and stock. Later in the year, Richard Barrett’s lawsuit results in a ruling against the Moulton-Barretts. The slaves are formally delivered over to Richard Barrett as receiver. The Moulton-Barretts appeal the decision.
EBB’s “Stanzas on the Death of Lord Byron” are published in the London Globe and Traveller.
EBB and Henrietta visit the Graham-Clarkes at 8 Cambray Street, Cheltenham.
EBB and Henrietta go to their paternal grandmother at Hastings, 1 Kentish Buildings, then 2 Paragon Place, for a stay of 11 months.
Mary Moulton-Barrett visits her sisters in Ireland, accompanied by daughter Arabella.
EBB’s unidentified lines on “Judah” apparently published in unidentified paper.
EBB’s “The Rose and Zephyr” published in The Literary Gazette, and Journal of the Belles Lettres.
Edward Moulton-Barrett, EBB’s brother, leaves Charterhouse, having advanced to the third form.
RB leaves the school of Rev. Thomas Martin Ready at Peckham. His education at this establishment, probably for six years, was augmented by his father’s instructions. He was also tutored privately in French and Italian. He studied music under John Relfe, Musician-in-Ordinary to the King and a pupil of the Abbé Vogler. During this period RB is profoundly influenced by Shelley; this lasts for several years and leads to periods of atheism and vegetarianism.
EBB’s An Essay on Mind with Other Poems, underwritten by Mary Trepsack, published by James Duncan, London.
EBB’s “Irregular Stanzas” published in The Literary Gazette, and Journal of the Belles Lettres.
EBB and Henrietta leave Hastings and return to Hope End.
EBB and Henrietta visit Foxley, seat of Uvedale Price.
EBB spends several days at Eastnor Castle, neighbouring estate of Lord Somers.
EBB’s poem, commencing “Who art thou of the veilëd countenance,” published in The Jewish Expositor and Friend of Israel.
EBB spends several days at Eastnor Castle. While there she receives her first letter from H.S. Boyd.
Sarah Flower transcribes in her letter to W.J. Fox two early poetical efforts of RB: “The first-born of Egypt” and “The Dance of Death” (see SD627).
Arabella Graham-Clarke (grandmother) and Arabella Graham-Clarke (aunt) visit Hope End for three weeks.
Samuel Moulton-Barrett, EBB’s uncle, returns to Jamaica with his wife to attend to the family estates.
Arabella Graham-Clarke, EBB’s maternal grandmother, dies at Fenham Hall.
Samuel Moulton-Barrett resigns his seat in Parliament.
Arabella Graham-Clarke (aunt) and James Graham-Clarke visit Hope End. The latter stays only a few days.
Jamaican courts appoint Samuel Moulton-Barrett sole receiver of disputed property, to the exclusion of Richard Barrett.
James Graham-Clarke returns to Hope End.
RB enrolls at the newly-formed University of London to study Greek, Latin, and German. He takes lodgings with Mr. Hughes, Bedford Square, but leaves after a few days.
EBB’s mother dies at Cheltenham, where she had gone, 30 September, for medical treatment. Buried in the Parish Church, Ledbury.
Samuel Moulton-Barrett, EBB’s brother, leaves Charterhouse, having advanced to the sixth form.
English courts rule in favour of the Moulton-Barretts against Richard Barrett who appeals.
RB withdraws from London University.
James Trant, EBB’s cousin, dies in London.
ca. 21 Jun
EBB spends some days with Mrs. Trant at Malvern Wells.
EBB at Eastnor Castle for several days.
Arabella Graham-Clarke (aunt) leaves Hope End.
EBB composes “Lines to Miss Barrett,” in homage to her cousin Henriette Willoughby Barrett. Text unlocated.
Elizabeth Sterling, only child of Henry Barrett, and EBB’s cousin, dies in London.
EBB spends several days at Great Malvern (Woodland Lodge).
George IV dies. William IV ascends the throne.
20 Sep–7 Oct
EBB is at Great Malvern (Woodland Lodge).
Elizabeth Moulton, EBB’s grandmother, dies in London.
John Butler, EBB’s cousin, accidentally shot and killed by his brother Thomas.
Arabella Graham-Clarke (aunt) arrives at Hope End to help care for her nieces and nephews.
EBB’s “Kings” published in The Times.
Mary Clementina Moulton-Barrett, EBB’s aunt, dies at age 27.
EBB commences a diary which records for the next 10 months her anxiety over the anticipated and eventual removal from Hope End.
Hope End sale notice appears in the Hereford Journal.
EBB’s father suffers cholera attack in London.
Hope End estate offered for sale by auction at Garraway’s Coffee House, London. Withdrawn when bidding fell short of the reserve price.
EBB is at Malvern Wells (Ruby Cottage).
EBB is at Malvern Wells (Ruby Cottage).
EBB is at Eastnor Castle.
EBB’s “The Pestilence” published in The Times.
EBB translates Æschylus’ Prometheus Bound.
Hope End Mansion and Deer Park sold by private treaty.
English Reform Act passed.
EBB and most of the Barretts leave Hope End and spend night in Bath.
EBB and family, including Arabella Graham-Clarke (aunt), settle at Rafarel House (now 7 & 8 Fortfield Terrace), Sidmouth.
EBB’s father, Bro and Septimus leave Hope End.
RB conceives the plan of writing a poem, an opera, and a novel under pen names, after leaving Edmund Kean’s performance of Richard III. This plan leads to the composition of Pauline.
Boyd moves to Sidmouth.
RB’s Pauline: A Fragment of a Confession published anonymously by Saunders and Otley. Cost of publication and advertisement defrayed by a gift of £30 to the poet from his maternal aunt Christiana Silverthorne.
RB’s first extant letter, March 1833, to William Johnson Fox.
EBB meets George Barrett Hunter.
EBB’s Uncle Sam marries Ann Eliza Gordon at Montego Bay, Jamaica.
EBB’s translation of Prometheus Bound published by A.J. Valpy, London.
Georgiana Elizabeth Barrett, daughter of George Goodin Barrett and Elizabeth Jane (née Turner), born at Milverton, Warwick.
Parliament votes to abolish slavery.
The Barretts remove to Belle Vue, Sidmouth.
RB reads the copy of Pauline annotated by John Stuart Mill, a harsh criticism of his morbid self-revelation, an event of a profoundly formative character; he thereafter resolves to write dramatically.
Charles John and George Goodin Moulton-Barrett leave for Glasgow University.
Bro leaves London for Jamaica.
RB’s paternal grandfather, Robert Browning, dies.
RB leaves London accompanying the Chevalier George de Benkhausen, Russian consul general, to St. Petersburg, (via Ostend, Rotterdam, Castle Ravenstein, Cleves, Aix-la-Chapelle).
Boyd leaves Sidmouth.
RB returns to Camberwell.
Charlotte Butler dies at Dieppe.
Slavery abolished in British colonies.
RB begins friendship with Count André Victor Amédée de Ripert-Monclar.
RB’s sonnet “Eyes calm beside thee (Lady, couldst thou know!)” published in The Monthly Repository, signed “Z.”
Monclar’s review, edited by RB, of Essai sur l’Origine de l’Ecriture, sur son introduction dans la Grèce, et son usage jusqu’au tems d’Homére published in The Metropolitan Magazine.
EBB’s father has severe rheumatic attack in London.
RB’s letter to the Editor of The Trifler, signed “Z,” is published.
Charles John and George Goodin Moulton-Barrett leave Glasgow University, the latter taking a degree.
The Barretts leave Belle Vue and return to Rafarel House.
RB’s Paracelsus published by Effingham Wilson. Cost of publication borne by RB, Sr.
EBB’s “Stanzas Addressed to Miss Landon, and Suggested by Her ‘Stanzas on the Death of Mrs. Hemans’” published in The New Monthly Magazine.
Bro returns to England from Jamaica.
RB’s “A king lived long ago” published in The Monthly Repository, signed “Z.”
RB and William Charles Macready meet at the home of W.J. Fox.
ca. 2 Dec
EBB and family remove to 74 Gloucester Place, London.
RB is introduced to John Forster at the home of William Charles Macready.
EBB’s brother Sam goes to Jamaica and Henry travels in Europe.
RB’s “Porphyria” and “Johannes Agricola” published in The Monthly Repository, both signed “Z.”
EBB’s “Man and Nature” published in The Athenæum.
RB’s lines beginning: “Still Ailing, Wind?” published in The Monthly Repository, signed “Z.”
Serjeant Thomas Noon Talfourd hosts supper to celebrate success of his play Ion; prominent guests include William Wordsworth, Walter Savage Landor, and Mary Russell Mitford; RB also present.
John Kenyon introduces EBB to Mary Russell Mitford.
At John Kenyon’s home, EBB is introduced to William Wordsworth and Walter Savage Landor; Mary Russell Mitford present.
EBB’s “The Romaunt of Margret” published in The New Monthly Magazine.
EBB’s “The Seaside Walk” published in The Athenæum.
EBB’s “A Thought on Thoughts” published in The Athenæum.
EBB’s “The Poet’s Vow” published in The New Monthly Magazine.
RB visits Paris and William Shergold Browning.
EBB’s “The Island” published in The New Monthly Magazine.
RB’s Strafford: An Historical Tragedy published by Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, Green, and Longman, London. Also performed five times at Covent Garden and received with little enthusiasm.
William IV dies. Victoria ascends the throne.
EBB’s “The Young Queen” published in The Athenæum.
EBB’s “Victoria’s Tears” published in The Athenæum.
EBB’s Uncle Sam dies at Kingston, Jamaica.
EBB’s “A Romance of the Ganges” published in Findens’ Tableaux: a Series of Picturesque Scenes of National Character, Beauty, and Costume (published October 1837).
EBB moves to 129 Crawford St. for a few days and then to 50 Wimpole St.
RB’s first Italian journey. RB recorded his itinerary in diary form, now at University of Toronto; it is here reproduced in full.
April 13,Good Friday, left St Katharine’s Docks 4 p.m.
Anchored in Halfway Reach, 6. pm. Brig. “Norham Castle,” Matt. Davidson—Courier, (John Graham, Mate) Snow.
Apr. 14.Norfleet 10. am.
Sund. 15.Gravesend. 5. p.m. 8. anchored in the Hope. Noon, in the Nob channel.
16.(P.M.) 6. Anchored in the Downs. gales.
17.Strong gales with snow.
18.Strong gales, showers of sleet. 5. a.m weighed anchor and proceeded. observed a vessel on fire off Deal. noon, off Dungeness.
19.Strong breezes with snow.
20.P.M. St Katharine’s point N.E. by N. Ditto weather. Midnight, Start light, distance 7 leagues, from which the ship “takes its departure,” in lat. 50, 13 N. long. 3, 38W.
21.Squally with rain.
Sund. 22.Strong gales, rain.
23.Strong gales, squally, rain. Ship labouring and shipping much water.
EBB’s The Seraphim, and Other Poems published by Saunders and Otley, London.
Coronation of Queen Victoria.
Under medical advice, to recuperate from a lung hæmorrhage, EBB leaves London for “The Braddens,” Torquay.
EBB arrives at Torquay.
EBB moves to 3 Beacon Terrace, Torquay.
EBB’s “The Romaunt of the Page” published in Findens’ Tableaux of the Affections: A Series of Picturesque Illustrations of the Womanly Virtues (published October 1838).
EBB’s “A Sabbath on the Sea” published in The Amaranth: A Miscellany of Original Prose and Verse (published October 1838).
EBB’s “L.E.L.’s Last Question” published in The Athenæum.
Richard Barrett dies at Montego Bay, his dispute with the Moulton-Barretts unsettled. Some claims awarded to his principal heirs Samuel Goodin Barrett and George Goodin Barrett.
EBB removes to 1 Beacon Terrace, Torquay.
EBB’s “The Dream” and “The Legend of the Browne Rosarie” are published in Findens’ Tableaux: the Iris of Prose, Poetry, and Art for 1840 (published October 1839).
Penny postage begins.
Queen Victoria marries Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha.
EBB’s “The Crowned and Wedded Queen” published in The Athenæum.
EBB’s brother, Samuel Moulton-Barrett, dies at Cinnamon Hill, Jamaica, and is buried there.
The announced date of publication of RB’s Sordello, which was actually published the following week by Edward Moxon, London.
EBB’s “A Night Watch by the Sea” published in The Monthly Chronicle.
EBB’s “A Lay of the Rose” published in The Monthly Chronicle.
EBB’s “Napoleon’s Return” published in The Athenæum.
Bro drowns in a sailing accident in Babbacombe Bay. EBB suffers a near-fatal illness as a result.
RB’s family removes from Camberwell to New Cross, Hatcham, in Surrey.
EBB’s “Queen Annelida and False Arcite” and “The Complaint of Annelida to False Arcite” published in The Poems of Geoffrey Chaucer, Modernized.
EBB receives gift of the spaniel, Flush, from Miss Mitford.
RB’s Pippa Passes (Bells and Pomegranates, No. I) published by Edward Moxon.
EBB’s “The House of Clouds” published in The Athenæum.
EBB returns to 50 Wimpole St., London.
EBB’s “Lessons from the Gorse” published in The Athenæum.
EBB’s “Three Hymns, Translated from the Greek of Gregory Nazianzen” published in The Athenæum.
EBB’s essay, “Some Account of the Greek Christian Poets,” published as a series of four articles in The Athenæum.
RB’s King Victor and King Charles (Bells and Pomegranates, No. II) published by Edward Moxon.
EBB’s review and essay, “The Book of the Poets,” published as a series of five articles in The Athenæum.
EBB’s review of Wordsworth’s Poems, Chiefly of Early and Late Years published in The Athenæum.
RB goes to Sir Jonathan Hanmer at Hanmer Hall, Flintshire, for a week’s visit.
EBB’s “A Claim in an Allegory” published in The Athenæum.
EBB’s “Sonnet on Mr. Haydon’s Portrait of Mr. Wordsworth” published in The Athenæum.
EBB’s “The Cry of the Human” published in The Boston Miscellany of Literature and Fashion.
RB’s Dramatic Lyrics (Bells and Pomegranates, No. III) published by Edward Moxon.
EBB sends Miss Mitford the stanzas beginning “Crown her the queen of the hops,” to accompany an unidentified engraving; these were apparently never published.
EBB’s verses “I tell you, hopeless grief is passionless”; “When some belovéd voice”; “What are we set on earth for?” and “The woman singeth at her spinning-wheel” published in Graham’s Magazine.
EBB composed the poems “The Prince of Wales”; “Rogers”; “The King of Prussia”; “Herr Döbler”; “Introductory Stanzas” and “The Duchess of Orleans,” intended for publication in Schloss’s English Bijou Almanac for 1843 (published December 1842), of which Miss Mitford was editor; of the six poems, only the latter two were printed.
RB’s The Return of the Druses (Bells and Pomegranates, No. IV) published by Edward Moxon.
RB’s A Blot in the ’Scutcheon (Bells and Pomegranates, No. V) published by Edward Moxon; also opened at Drury Lane, but closed after only three performances.
EBB’s “The Maiden’s Death” published in The Pioneer.
RB composes the lines “There’s a sisterhood in words—,” which he writes in Helena Faucit’s album. These lines were not published until 1893, when they appeared in On Some of Shakespeare’s Female Characters, by Helena Faucit Martin.
EBB’s review of R.H. Horne’s Orion published in The Athenæum.
EBB’s “The Soul’s Expression” published in Graham’s Magazine.
EBB’s “To Flush, My Dog” published in The Athenæum.
EBB’s “Seraph and Poet” published in Graham’s Magazine.
EBB’s “The Cry of the Children” published in Blackwood’s Edinburgh Magazine.
EBB’s “The Child and the Watcher” published in Graham’s Magazine.
EBB’s dog Flush is stolen (see letter 1378) and is recovered two days later after payment of ransom.
EBB’s “Catarina to Camoens” published in Graham’s Magazine.
Richard Hengist Horne informs EBB (letter 1392) of his intention to produce A New Spirit of the Age (1844). Shortly thereafter she complies with his request for biographical material about herself, to be included in this work, and agrees to assist on critiques of other contemporary writers. (Eventually RB also helps in this project, but he and EBB do not know of each other’s participation until later.)
Harriet Martineau’s Life in the Sick-Room published by Edward Moxon. EBB repeatedly denied being the unnamed “invalid” to whom the book was dedicated.
EBB’s “The Lady’s Yes. A Song” published in Graham’s Magazine.
EBB’s “Loved Once” published in Graham’s Magazine.
Richard Hengist Horne’s A New Spirit of the Age published by Smith, Elder.
ca. 28 Apr
RB’s Colombe’s Birthday (Bells and Pomegranates, No. VI) published by Edward Moxon.
RB’s “The Laboratory (Ancien Régime),” and “Claret and Tokay” published in Hood’s Magazine.
EBB’s “A Drama of Exile” published in The United States Magazine and Democratic Review.
RB’s “Garden Fancies: I, The Flower’s Name; II, Sibrandus Schafnaburgensis” published in Hood’s Magazine.
RB’s “The Boy and the Angel” published in Hood’s Magazine.
EBB’s “Pain in Pleasure” published in Graham’s Magazine. “Insufficiency” published in The United States Magazine and Democratic Review.
RB’s second Italian journey. RB recorded his itinerary in diary form, a fragment of which, now at Yale, reads:
Aug. 12.12. Sailed from London. Bark Ariadne, R. Crozier.
17.St. Helen’s Roads, Isle of Wight.
18.on shore. Sailed.
Septr. 5.Cape St. Vincent.
Oct. 1Vico—the ravine from < . . . > ones red stripe < . . . > perished Vene < . . . >
EBB’s Poems (1844) published by Edward Moxon. It included “Lady Geraldine’s Courtship,” which mentions RB. American edition, entitled A Drama of Exile, and Other Poems, appears on 1 October.
EBB’s dog Flush is stolen for second time (letter 1741) and is recovered two days later upon payment of ransom.
RB’s first letter to EBB. She replies on the following day.
RB’s “The Tomb at St. Praxed’s (Rome, 15––)” published in Hood’s Magazine.
RB’s “The Flight of the Duchess, Part the First,” published in Hood’s Magazine.
EBB begins helping Miss Anne Thomson by providing translations for a proposed “Classical Album” (see Appendix IV).
RB, for first time, visits EBB at 50 Wimpole Street.
EBB/RB 2nd meeting.
EBB/RB 3rd meeting.
EBB/RB 4th meeting.
EBB/RB 5th meeting.
EBB/RB 6th meeting.
EBB/RB 7th meeting.
EBB/RB 8th meeting.
EBB/RB 9th meeting.
EBB/RB 10th meeting.
EBB/RB 11th meeting.
EBB/RB 12th meeting.
EBB/RB 13th meeting.
EBB/RB 14th meeting.
EBB/RB 15th meeting.
Dr. William Frederick Chambers advises EBB to go to Italy for health reasons. Mr. Barrett’s opposition deters her from making the trip. She later reported that, because of this episode, she was “driven” from her father and “drawn” to RB.
EBB/RB 16th meeting.
EBB/RB 17th meeting.
EBB/RB 18th meeting.
EBB/RB 19th meeting.
EBB/RB 20th meeting.
EBB/RB 21st meeting.
EBB’s “Sonnet: A Sketch” and “Wisdom Unapplied” published in The Christian Mother’s Magazine.
EBB/RB 22nd meeting.
EBB/RB 23rd meeting.
EBB/RB 24th meeting.
EBB/RB 25th meeting.
EBB/RB 26th meeting.
EBB/RB 27th meeting.
RB’s Dramatic Romances and Lyrics (Bells and Pomegranates, No. VII) published by Edward Moxon.
EBB/RB 28th meeting.
EBB/RB 29th meeting.
EBB/RB 30th meeting.
EBB/RB 31st meeting.
EBB/RB 32nd meeting.
EBB/RB 33rd meeting.
EBB/RB 34th meeting.
EBB/RB 35th meeting.
EBB/RB 36th meeting.
EBB/RB 37th meeting.
EBB/RB 38th meeting.
EBB/RB 39th meeting.
EBB/RB 40th meeting.
EBB/RB 41st meeting.
EBB/RB 42nd meeting.
EBB/RB 43rd meeting.
EBB/RB 44th meeting.
EBB/RB 45th meeting.
EBB/RB 46th meeting.
EBB/RB 47th meeting.
EBB/RB 48th meeting.
EBB/RB 49th meeting.
EBB/RB 50th meeting.
EBB/RB 51st meeting.
EBB/RB 52nd meeting.
EBB/RB 53rd meeting.
EBB/RB 54th meeting.
EBB/RB 55th meeting.
EBB translated “The Daughters of Pandarus” (two versions) from the Odyssey for use in Anna Brownell Jameson’s Memoirs and Essays Illustrative of Art, Literature, and Social Morals (1846). The translations later were reprinted in EBB’s Last Poems (1862).
EBB/RB 56th meeting.
EBB/RB 57th meeting.
EBB/RB 58th meeting.
RB’s Luria and A Soul’s Tragedy (Bells and Pomegranates, No. VIII) published by Edward Moxon.
EBB/RB 59th meeting.
EBB/RB 60th meeting.
EBB/RB 61st meeting.
EBB/RB 62nd meeting.
EBB/RB 63rd meeting.
EBB/RB 64th meeting.
In a letter to RB (no. 2355), EBB reports first walk in Regent’s Park after her extended illness.
EBB/RB 65th meeting.
EBB/RB 66th meeting.
EBB/RB 67th meeting.
EBB/RB 68th meeting.
EBB/RB 69th meeting.
EBB/RB 70th meeting.
EBB/RB 71st meeting.
EBB/RB 72nd meeting.
EBB/RB 73rd meeting.
Artist Benjamin Robert Haydon commits suicide; leaves statement indicating that he wants EBB to edit his memoirs and other papers. On advice of lawyer Thomas Noon Talfourd, she does not do so.
EBB/RB 74th meeting.
EBB/RB 75th meeting.
EBB/RB 76th meeting.
EBB/RB 77th meeting.
EBB/RB 78th meeting.
EBB/RB 79th meeting.
EBB/RB 80th meeting.
EBB/RB 81st meeting.
EBB/RB 82nd meeting.
EBB/RB 83rd meeting
EBB/RB 84th meeting.
EBB/RB 85th meeting.
EBB/RB 86th meeting.
EBB/RB 87th meeting.
EBB/RB 88th meeting.
EBB/RB 89th meeting.
EBB’s dog Flush is stolen for third and final time and is recovered on 5 September upon payment of ransom.
EBB/RB 90th meeting.
EBB/RB 91st meeting.
EBB and RB are married in St. Marylebone Church, London, with Elizabeth Wilson and James Silverthorne as witnesses.
EBB & RB travel from London to Le Hâvre, accompanied by EBB’s maid Elizabeth Wilson and Flush, EBB’s spaniel.
Rest in Le Hâvre till 9 p.m. departure for Rouen.
1:00 a.m. Brownings depart for Paris, arriving mid-morning, to the Messagerie Hotel; note to Mrs. Jameson; visit from her 9:00 p.m. Barretts leave 50 Wimpole Street and go to Little Bookham, Leatherhead, Surrey, while Wimpole Street is being refurbished.
Mid-morning visit to Mrs. Jameson.
Move to Hotel de la Ville de Paris.
EBB & RB walk along Les Champs Élysées.
Evening departure for Orleans via Chartres. Mrs. Jameson and her niece Gerardine Bate accompany the Brownings, Wilson, and Flush to Pisa.
Travel by day from Orleans to Bourges.
EBB’s “A Woman’s Shortcomings,” “A Man’s Requirements,” “Maud’s Spinning,” “A Dead Rose,” “Change on Change,” “A Reed,” and “Hector in the Garden” published in Blackwood’s Edinburgh Magazine.
Travel by day from Bourges to Roanne via Nevers.
Travel by day from Roanne to Moulins.
Travel overnight from Moulins to Lyons.
Travel by boat from Lyons to Avignon.
Day excursion from Avignon to Vaucluse and back.
Travel by day from Avignon to Aix.
Travel from Aix to Marseilles; embarked at Marseilles 5 p.m.
Arrive at Genoa 7 p.m.
Leave Genoa at nightfall.
Land at Leghorn 8 a.m. and on to Pisa, staying at the Hotel Peverada (Le Tre Donzelle).
Brownings take up residence in Collegio di Ferdinando.
Mrs. Jameson and Gerardine Bate leave Pisa for Rome via Florence.
EBB sends “The Runaway Slave at Pilgrim’s Point” to James Russell Lowell.
23 Jan–1 Feb
EBB & RB nurse Wilson.
EBB’s brother, Charles John (“Storm”) leaves England for Jamaica, not to return until after their father’s death in 1857.
EBB’s first miscarriage.
Brownings arrive in Florence, Hotel du Nord.
Brownings take rooms in Via delle Belle Donne, 4222 (now 6).
Mrs. Jameson and Gerardine Bate visit the Brownings.
The Brownings’ marriage settlement witnessed by Compton John Hanford.
Brownings go to Vallombrosa to escape the heat of Florence.
Brownings return to Florence to Via delle Belle Donne.
Brownings move to Palazzo Guidi, Piazza San Felice.
EBB & RB celebrate their first wedding anniversary. It coincides with the Florentine celebration of the Grand Duke’s granting a Civic Guard.
Move to Via Maggio, 1881 (now 21).
Move to Piazza Pitti, 1703 (now 8).
EBB’s “The Runaway Slave at Pilgrim’s Point” published in The Liberty Bell (issued in December 1847).
EBB sends “A Meditation in Tuscany” to Blackwood’s Edinburgh Magazine, but it is not published.
EBB suffers a second miscarriage.
The Brownings return to Palazzo Guidi; it becomes their principal residence until EBB’s death.
EBB’s friend and mentor, Hugh Stuart Boyd, dies.
17 Jul–7 Aug
The Brownings take a holiday on the Adriatic, staying in Fano (3 days), Ancona (1 week), then Loreto, Senigallia, Pesaro, Rimini, Ravenna, and Forli.
RB’s A Blot in the ’Scutcheon is revived at the Sadler’s Wells Theatre; it runs for six performances, two of which are given in February 1849.
RB’s Poems (1849) is published in two volumes by Chapman and Hall.
Robert Wiedeman Barrett Browning, the poets’ only child, is born at Palazzo Guidi. Thereafter, EBB refers to their residence as Casa Guidi.
RB’s mother, Sarah Anna Browning, dies.
EBB and RB make an excursion to Pisa, La Spezia (2 days), Lerici, Seravezza, Bagni di Lucca, and Lucca. They leave Pen in Florence with Wilson.
The Brownings, now including Pen, take up summer residence at Bagni di Lucca in Casa Valeri, Bagni Caldi. During their stay, EBB presents RB with Sonnets from the Portuguese.
The Brownings return to Casa Guidi from Bagni di Lucca.
EBB suffers a third miscarriage.
EBB’s “A Child’s Grave at Florence: A.A.E.C.” published in The Athenæum.
RB’s Christmas-Eve and Easter-Day published by Chapman and Hall.
EBB’s sister Henrietta marries their second cousin, William Surtees Cook.
William Wordsworth, the poet laureate, dies. An article in The Athenæum of 1 June 1850, written by T.K. Hervey, suggests EBB as a possible candidate for the laureateship.
The Brownings lease an additional room at Casa Guidi.
RB goes to Siena in search of a summer residence for his family and returns to Florence at three o’clock in the morning.
EBB suffers a fourth miscarriage.
31 Aug–30 Sep
After staying one night in a Siena hotel, the Brownings take up residence outside the city at Villa Poggio al Vento.
The Brownings move into a furnished apartment in Siena. They spend a week sightseeing before returning to Florence.
The Poems of Elizabeth Barrett Browning, a reprint of The Seraphim (1838) and the American edition of Poems (1844), is published by C.S. Francis & Co., New York and J.H. Francis, Boston.
EBB’s “Hiram Powers’s Greek Slave” published anonymously in Household Words.
Alfred Tennyson is appointed poet laureate.
EBB’s Poems (1850) published by Chapman and Hall, includes first appearance of Sonnets from the Portuguese.
The Brownings leave Florence for Venice, Paris, and London. They are accompanied by the Ogilvys as far as Venice.
They reach Bologna and spend two days there.
ca. 6–10 May
They travel to Venice, via Modena, Parma, and Mantua. In Venice the Brownings take rooms in a palazzo on the Grand Canal.
EBB’s Casa Guidi Windows published by Chapman and Hall.
The Brownings make an excursion to Chioggia.
The Brownings leave Venice for Paris, travelling via Padua (where they visit Petrarch’s tomb at nearby Arqua), Verona, Brescia, Milan, Como, Cadenabbia, Menaggio, Porlezza, Lugano, Bellinzona (where they make an excursion to Lago Maggiore), Faido, St. Gotthard, Fluellen, Lucerne, Basel, and Strasbourg. In Paris, they stay at the Hôtel aux Armes de la Ville de Paris.
The Brownings travel from Paris to London, via Dieppe and Newhaven. In London they stay briefly at 4 George Street before taking rooms at 26 Devonshire Street.
The Brownings return to Paris, accompanied by Thomas Carlyle. They stop in Dieppe for one night; in Paris the Brown¬ings again stay at the Hôtel aux Armes de la Ville de Paris.
They take up winter residence at 138 Avenue Champs Élysées.
RB, Sr. and Sarianna visit the Brownings in Paris.
French President, Louis Napoleon, directs a coup d’état that gives him dictatorial power. On the 6th, the Brownings drive the boulevards to visit scenes of the fighting.
ca. 11 Dec
The Brownings are introduced to Joseph Milsand. He will become RB’s closest friend.
EBB’s long-time friend and correspondent, Mary Russell Mitford, publishes Recollections of a Literary Life. EBB is disturbed by its reference to her brother Edward’s death.
The Brownings first meet George Sand.
RB, Sr. and Sarianna remove to 28 Chepstow Place, Bayswater.
RB and EBB travel from Paris to London, staying in London at 58 Welbeck Street.
RB Sr and Sarianna travel to Paris, staying at 6 Rue de la Comète. They are accompanied by RB, who returns to London the following day.
Sarianna returns to London, to dispose of the house in Bayswater.
RB and EBB visit the Paines (hop-growers and admirers of the Brownings’ poetry) in Farnham, Surrey.
Sarianna, having disposed of the house in Bayswater with RB’s assistance, joins RB and EBB at 58 Welbeck Street.
ca. 30 Sep
The Brownings, including Sarianna, remove to 15 Bentinck Street.
The Brownings travel from London to Paris, via Folkestone, Boulogne, and Amiens, accompanied by Sarianna Browning. In Paris RB, EBB, and Pen stay at the Hotel de la Ville l’Eveque.
RB, Sr. and Sarianna settle in an apartment at 63 Rue des Ecuries d’Artois.
23 Oct–ca. 11 Nov
The Brownings leave Paris for Florence via Chalon-sur-Saône, Lyons, Chambéry, Lanslebourg, Mt. Cenis, Susa, Turin, and Genoa, spending 2 days in Turin and 10 in Genoa.
RB composes some of the poems that will appear in Men and Women (1855). EBB begins writing Aurora Leigh (1857) and prepares copy for the third edition of her collected works, Poems (1853).
RB’s Colombe’s Birthday, with Helena Faucit Martin in the title role, opens at the Haymarket Theatre, London, and is performed seven times, the last night being 11 May.
ca. 1 May
RB, Sr. and Sarianna move to 138 Avenue de Champs Élysées, Paris.
ca. 9 May
The Brownings, including Pen, make an excursion to Fiesole.
31 May & 3 Jun
RB’s Colombe’s Birthday is performed at the Theatre Royal, Manchester.
The Brownings engage Ferdinando Romagnoli as a manservant. He becomes a member of the household and accompanies the Brownings on many of their travels.
The poets, along with Pen, travel to Prato, evidently returning the same day.
15 July–10 Oct
The Brownings take up summer residence at Casa Tolomei, Bagno alla Villa, Bagni di Lucca. They make excursions to Benabbio, Prato Fiorito, and other locations in the area, often accompanied by William Wetmore Story, the American sculptor, his wife Emelyn, and their children Edith and Joseph.
Arabella and the Moulton-Barrett household stay at Milford House, near Lymington, Hampshire, during the refurbishing of 50 Wimpole Street.
Robert Lytton stays with the Brownings in Casa Tolomei.
EBB’s Poems (1853) published by Chapman and Hall.
The Brownings travel to Rome, via Perugia, Assisi, Foligno, Spoleto, Terni, Narni, and Civita Castellana.
The Brownings arrive in Rome where they take up winter residence at 43 Via Bocca di Leone. Their stay in marred by the death of Joseph Story, the day after their arrival.
William Fisher completes an oil portrait of RB.
RB travels to Velletri (on William Story’s urgent message concerning his daughter’s health) and returns to Rome the following day.
EBB’s “A Plea for the Ragged Schools of London” and RB’s “The Twins” published by Chapman and Hall under the title Two Poems by Elizabeth Barrett and Robert Browning.
The Brownings make several excursions into the Roman Campagna, including Castel Fusano, Vallerano, and Tivoli.
The Brownings take part in the celebrations of Holy Week: they hear a performance of the “Miserere” on Good Friday (15th), attend the Pope’s benediction on Easter morning (16th) and the illuminations at St. Peter’s on Easter night, and watch the fireworks on Monday night (17th) from the balcony of the American minister to the Papal States.
William Page completes an oil portrait of RB and presents it to EBB.
26 May–ca. 1 Jun
The Brownings return to Florence.
EBB’s pet spaniel Flush dies.
EBB’s father is struck by a cab in Wimpole Street, resulting in a broken leg.
EBB encloses a copy of Robert Lytton’s poem, “R.B.,” in letter 3456.
EBB’s “My Kate” published in The Keepsake (1855).
Mary Russell Mitford dies.
Elizabeth Wilson and Ferdinando Romagnoli are married in Florence by an English clergyman.
The Brownings leave Florence for Paris and London with Wilson and Ferdinando, but missing their ship at Leghorn, they spend the night in Pisa and return home the following day.
They depart for Paris and London, travelling via Leghorn, Bastia, Marseilles (Hôtel des Empereurs), where they meet EBB’s brother Alfred, and Lyons. They are accompanied by Isa Blagden, who travels with them as far as Marseilles. In Paris they stay at 138 Avenue des Champs Elysées.
Wilson and Ferdinando are married by a Roman Catholic priest in Paris.
The Brownings, accompanied by Sarianna, travel from Paris to London, via Boulogne and Folkestone. In London they stay at 13 Dorset Street.
The Brownings attend a séance in Ealing conducted by Daniel Dunglas Home.
EBB’s brother, Alfred, marries their second cousin Lizzie Barrett at the British Embassy in Paris.
Arabella and Moulton-Barrett household travel to Eastbourne, where they stay at Cornfield Terrace for ten weeks.
Arabella makes a short visit to London. She stays near the Brownings at the home of Frances McIntosh, 39 Dorset Street.
Alfred Tennyson calls on the Brownings at 13 Dorset Street for the second straight day. He reads Maud to them and William and Dante Gabriel Rossetti. The latter draws a sketch of Tennyson reading and presents it to the Brownings.
29 Sep–3 Oct
Pen travels to Eastbourne with Arabella and returns to London.
Sarianna returns to Paris.
The Brownings travel to Paris, staying at 102 Rue de Grenelle, Faubourg St. Germain.
Sir Edward Bulwer-Lytton and his son Robert call on the Brownings in Paris. Sir Edward and RB discuss spiritualism and Daniel Dunglas Home.
RB, Sr. and Sarianna move to 151 Rue de Grenelle, Faubourg St. Germain.
RB’s “Ben Karshook’s Wisdom” published in The Keepsake (1856).
RB’s Men and Women published by Chapman and Hall. The American edition, published in Boston by Ticknor and Fields, appears on 8 December 1855 with an 1856 imprint.
EBB’s “A Curse for a Nation” published in The Liberty Bell (1856).
The Brownings move from their cold Paris apartment at 102 Rue de Grenelle to warmer accommodations at 3 Rue du Colysée.
The peace treaty ending the Crimean War is signed at Paris.
EBB’s sister Henrietta gives birth to her third child, Edward Altham Cook, at Wilton, Taunton.
The Brownings travel from Paris to London via Boulogne and Folkestone. They stay at John Kenyon’s residence, 39 Devonshire Place.
RB, Sr. and Sarianna spend part of the summer at the Hotel de Lyon, 22 Rue du Hazard, Versailles, France.
The Brownings travel to Ventnor, Isle of Wight, staying at Melbourne Villa. Arabella and brothers George, Henry, and Octavius are nearby at Milanese Villa.
The Brownings travel to West Cowes, Isle of Wight, to visit John Kenyon. While there, EBB works on the proofs and revises for Aurora Leigh.
The Brownings travel to Wilton, near Taunton, Somerset, to visit Henrietta and her family.
The Brownings return to 39 Devonshire Place, where EBB completes the final revises for Aurora Leigh.
The Brownings travel to Florence, via Paris, Dijon, Marseilles, Genoa, and Leghorn. In Dijon they meet their friend Joseph Milsand.
EBB’s Poems (1856) published by Chapman and Hall.
EBB’s Aurora Leigh (1857) published by Chapman and Hall.
EBB’s “Amy’s Cruelty” and RB’s “May and Death” published in The Keepsake (1857).
John Kenyon dies; his bequests to the Brownings total £10,500.
Second edition of Aurora Leigh (1857) published by Chapman and Hall.
Third edition (reprint) of Aurora Leigh published by Chapman and Hall.
Mary Trepsack, long-time Barrett family friend, dies in London.
EBB’s father dies in London.
EBB’s father is buried at Ledbury, Herefordshire.
RB, Isa Blagden, and Annette Bracken travel to Pisa to see the illuminations; they return to Florence the next day.
Arabella takes a lease at 7 Delamere Terrace, Harrow Road, London, where she lives until her death in 1868.
The Brownings take up summer residence at Casa Betti, Alla Villa, Bagni di Lucca. They are soon joined by Isa Blagden, Annette Bracken, and Robert Lytton, all of whom stay at the nearby Pelicano
EBB sends her poem “My Heart and I” and RB’s poem “Study of a Hand, by Lionardo” to Marguerite Power for The Keepsake but learns a short time later that the publication had folded.
RB is nearly killed in a horse-riding accident in the mountains above Gallicano
Wilson (eight months pregnant) returns to Florence, and the Brownings engage a new lady’s maid, Annunziata Lena, who remains with them until EBB’s death.
7 O ct
The Brownings return to Florence.
RB travels to Leghorn where he joins Isa Blagden; they return to Florence the following evening.
The Brownings host an evening at Casa Guidi that includes American authors Nathaniel Hawthorne and William Cullen Bryant.
The Brownings leave Florence for Paris, accompanied by EBB’s lady’s maid, Annunziata Lena.
The Brownings travel by steamer from Leghorn to Marseilles via Genoa. In Marseilles they lodge at the Hôtel du Louvre.
They continue on to Paris by rail, stopping in Lyons (Hôtel Colet) and Dijon (Hôtel du Parc). In Paris they stay at the Hôtel de Londres, Rue Hyacinthe, St. Honoré.
Accompanied by RB, Sr. and Sarianna, the Brownings leave Paris for Étretat, but, disliking the situation there, they proceed on to Le Havre, where they stay at Maison Versigny, 2 Rue du Perrey. In August they are joined by Arabella, George, Henry, and Henry’s wife, Amelia, as well as Joseph Milsand.
The Brownings and Arabella travel to Paris, staying at 6 Rue Castiglione, Place Vendôme, where George later joins them.
Arabella returns to London.
The Brownings leave Paris for Florence. They travel by rail to Chambéry via Mâcon.
During their stay in Chambéry they visit nearby Les Charmettes, a country house where Rousseau once lived.
They resume their journey by rail from Chambéry to St. Jean de Maurienne, then on to Lanslebourg by diligence.
They cross the Mt. Cenis pass to Susa by makeshift carriage.
They proceed to Genoa via Turin.
They travel by steamer to Leghorn, enduring a stormy eighteen-hour passage. They stay the night in Leghorn.
Completing their journey by rail, the Brownings arrive in Florence.
The Brownings, together with their American friends— David Eckley, his wife, Sophia, and their son, David—leave Florence for Rome, travelling in a closed carriage provided by the Eckleys. The first day they reach Poggio Bagnoli.
The Brownings and the Eckleys proceed to Rome via Camucia, Perugia, Spoleto, Terni, and Civita Castellana. In Rome the Brownings spend their first night in a hotel (Hôtel de l’Angleterre).
The Brownings take up winter residence at 43 Bocca de Leone.
RB makes an excursion to Ostia to see the excavations.
RB attends the fair at Grotta Ferrata in company with Frederic Leighton and the Cartwrights
RB and Pen make an excursion to Tivoli with Mrs. Cartwright and her children.
The second war of Italian independence begins when Austrian troops enter Piedmont.
The Brownings and Eckleys make an excursion to Tivoli. A bloodless coup d’état in Florence deposes Grand Duke Leopold II.
The Brownings travel by vettura and rail from Rome to Florence via Viterbo, Radicofani, and Siena.
Fourth edition of Aurora Leigh is published.
Battle of Solferino; Piedmontese and French forces defeat the Austrians.
The war ends when the French Emperor Napoleon III and the Austrian Emperor Franz Josef sign an armistice at Villafranca.
RB accompanies Walter Savage Landor to Siena and returns; soon thereafter he becomes the elder poet’s de facto guardian.
EBB falls seriously ill.
The Brownings travel from Florence to Siena, staying at the Hotel Aquila Nera.
They take up summer residence in the Villa Alberti, Marciano, near Siena. EBB convalesces slowly; she does not step outside until September.
EBB’s “A Tale of Villafranca” published in The Athenæum.
The Brownings return to Florence.
They travel from Florence to Rome by vettura. They are accompanied by Ferdinando and his cousin Lazzaro, who has been engaged to take care of Pen’s Sardinian pony, Stella, which trots alongside the carriage. After resting at Incisa, a village associated with Petrarch, they spend the first night at Poggio Bagnoli.
29 Nov–3 Dec
They proceed to Rome via Passignano, Camucia, Foligno, and Perugia. Their first night in Rome is spent at the Hôtel d’Angleterre.
They take up winter residence at 28 Via del Tritone.
EBB’s Poems Before Congress published by Chapman and Hall.
In plebiscites held in Tuscany and Emilia, an overwhelming majority vote for union with Piedmont.
RB makes an excursion to Albano with his friend William Cornwallis Cartwright (of Aynhoe, Northamptonshire) and his wife Clementine.
EBB’s “A Court Lady” published in The Independent (New York).
Napoleon III in Italy, and Other Poems, the American edition of Poems Before Congress, published in New York by C.S. Francis & Co.
Garibaldi and his small army of volunteers (The Thousand) land at Marsala in Sicily. By the end of July they control the island.
Editorial work on The Brownings’ Correspondence is supported by the National Endowment for the